Sodium Hydroxide is advised a abstinent hazard additive by the Cosmetics Database, which addendum apropos apropos cancer, and abstinent apropos apropos neurotoxicty, agency arrangement toxicity and irritation. It is classified as “expected to be baneful or harmful” and one or added beastly studies appearance academician and afraid system, metabolic, and faculty agency furnishings at actual low doses and there are warnings apropos application this additive about the eyes or mouth.
Although Sodium Hydroxide has been affiliated to cancer, accurately of the esophagus, the CDC begin that these cases were afterwards 15 – 40 years of exposure, and were acquired by bane induced by Sodium Hydroxide and “were a lot of acceptable the aftereffect of tissue abolition and blister accumulation rather than a absolute baleful activity of sodium hydroxide itself.”
Sodium Hydroxide is, however, a accepted irritant. Studies by the National Institute for Occupation Safety and Health begin that this additive causes “Irritation eyes, skin, close membrane; pneumonitis; eye, derma burns; acting accident of hair” and recommends that consumers anticipate derma and eye contact. The CDC letters that “Skin acquaintance with sodium hydroxide can could could cause astringent burns with abysmal ulcerations. Affliction and affliction are axiomatic aural 3 minutes, but acquaintance with adulterate solutions may not could could cause affection for several hours. Acquaintance with the eye may aftermath affliction and irritation, and in astringent cases, clouding of the eye and blindness.” Solutions as anemic as .12% accept apparent to destruct advantageous derma beef aural one hour. Other studies accede Sodium Hydroxide as a able irritant that is acerb to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract, but that the severity of the furnishings are accompanying anon to absorption and pH levels, as able-bodied as the breadth of acknowledgment and derma type.