Triacontanol (TRIA), a common constituent of plant waxes, was first shown in 1977 to be an active growth substance which at nanomolar concentrations increased the growth and yield of crops.
Triacontanol is a fatty alcohol of the general formula C30H62O, also known as melissyl alcohol or myricyl alcohol. It is found in plant cuticle waxes and in beeswax. Triacontanol is a growth stimulant for many plants, most notably roses, in which it rapidly increases the number of basal breaks. Triacontanol is a naturally occurring plant growth promoter which can act as a photosynthesis enhancer. Since light is a primary source of nutrition, the benefits of using triacontanol are obvious. It will also increase cell division rates leading to production of larger root and shoot mass. When sprayed on plants during growth periods, it activates secondary messengers leading to enhanced enzymatic activities in plants.
1. To promote seed germination, the germination rate and germination potential.
2. To promote plant cell division and elongation.
3. To promote the growth of roots, stems, leaves.
4. To promote germination differentiation, the increase in flower number.
5. Seed setting rate and grain weight.
6. Promote crop precocity, to improve the quality.
7. The promotion of plant tissue water absorption.
8. To promote the absorption of mineral elements.
9. Increase the chlorophyll content, increased photosynthesis intensity.
10. To increase energy storage, dry matter accumulation.
11. Improve the activity of some enzymes, to enhance the respiratory intensity.
12. To improve the cell permeability, and improve the resistance of crops.
Triacontanol has been widely used in plant growth regulator and high-grade feed.